The Metis Bill of Rights, December 1, 1869
                            Canadian Northwest

1.   The right to elect our Legislature.

2.   The Legislature to have power to pass all laws, local to the
     Territory, over the veto of the Executive, by a two-third vote.

3.   No act of the Dominion Parliament (local to this Territory) to be
     binding on the people until sanctioned by their representatives.

4.   All sheriffs, magistrates, constables, etc., etc., to be elected
     by the people -- a free homestead pre-emption law.

5.   A portion of the public lands to be appropriated to the benefit
     of schools, the building of roads, bridges and parish buildings.

6.   A guarantee to connect Winnipeg by rail with the nearest line of
     railroad -- the land grant for such road or roads to be subject
     to the Legislature of the Territory.

7.   For 4 years the public expenses of the Territory, civil, military
     and municipal, to be paid out of the Dominion treasury.

8.   The military to be composed of the people now existing in the

9.   The French and English language to be common in the Legislature
     and Council, and all public documents and acts of Legislature to
     be published in both languages.

10.  That the Judge of the Superior Court speak French and English.

11.  Treaties to be concluded and ratified between the Government and
     several tribes of Indians of this Territory, calculated to insure
     peace in the future.

12.  That all privileges, customs and usages existing at the time of
     the transfer to be respected.

13.  That these rights be guaranteed by Mr. McDougall before he be
     admitted into this Territory.

14.  If he have not the power himself to grant them, he must get an
     act of Parliament passed expressly securing us these rights; and
     until such act be obtained, he must stay outside of the

15.  That we have a full and fair representation in the Dominion

Source:  Alexander Begg,  (Toronto: 1971), p.