Archive-name: typing-injury-faq/software
Version: 2.0, 12th June 1993

This FAQ is maintained by Richard Donkin <>;.
I post it, along with the other FAQ stuff.  If you have questions, you want
to send mail to Richard, not me.  -- Dan

                    Software Tools to help with RSI

This file describes tools, primarily software, to help prevent or manage
This version now includes information on such diverse tools as calendar
programs and digital watches, which tends to contradict the title somewhat.
Oh well...

Please let me know if you come across any other tools, or if you have
information or opinions on these ones, and I will update this FAQ. I am
especially interested in getting reviews of these products from people who
have evaluated them or are using them. The major difficulty with all these
products is that when you are under pressure you tend to cancel out of the
break reminder almost automatically - any suggestions on how to avoid this
would be appreciated.

Any software vendors who want me to include their products in here are
to send evaluation copies.

Richard Donkin

Internet mail:  [note change of preferred
Tel: +44 71 814 5708 (direct)
Fax: +44 71 251 2853

Changes in this version:

    Coverage of new version of StressFree, a.k.a Exercise Break

    Added three new tools, Activity Monitoring Program, DOS Stretch and
    PC-FIT User-Saver

TYPING MANAGEMENT TOOLS: these aim to help you manage your keyboard use,
by warning you to take a break every so often.  The better ones also
advice on exercises, posture and workstation setup.  Some use sound
hardware to
alert you to a break, but most use beeps or screen messages.

Often, RSI appears only after many years of typing, and the pain has
a delayed action in the short term too: frequently you can be typing
all day with little problem and the pain gets worse in the evening.
These tools act as an early warning system: by listening to their
warnings and taking breaks with exercises, you don't have to wait for your
body to give you a more serious and painful warning - that is, getting RSI.

    Tool: Activity Monitoring Program (commercial software)
    Available from:
        Anthony Steven
        Office Automation Systems
        7 Clarks Terrace
        YO3 0DQ
        Tel & Fax: +44 (904) 423622
    Platforms: Windows
        This product is specifically aimed at helping employers meet the
        requirements of EC directive 90/270, so it is of most interest to
        European users.  It does not provide animations of exercises,
        providing them in the manual - the rationale for this is that the
        EC directive requires breaks to be taken away from the computer, so
        sitting at your keyboard doing exercises is not allowed.  In any
        it is better for you to stretch your legs as well as arms, and rest
        your eyes by leaving the computer, so this seems sensible.  The
        program feels less intrusive than some others as a result, it
        pops up a small window asking you to take a break.

        Unlike most other programs, you can set a hierarchy of some
        work then micropause, longer work then short pause, and still
        longer work then a long pause.  This hierarchy is closer to
        medical recommendations than just taking a break every N

        Also, this program is only activated by keyboard or mouse
        activity, unlike some other programs that pop up at a given time
        even if you are not at your PC.

        The program does not let you exit it or change the settings without
        password (though this protection is configurable) - ideal for
        that want to discourage people from bypassing the program.

    Tool: At Your Service (commercial software)
    Available from:
        Bright Star
        Tel: +1 (206) 451 3697
    Platforms: Mac (System 6.0.4), Windows
        Provides calendar, keyboard watch, email watch, and system info.
        Warns when to take a break (configurable).  Has a few
        on posture, and exercises.  Sound-oriented, will probably work best
        with sound card (PC) or with microphone (Mac).  Should be possible
        to record your own messages to warn of break.

    Tool: AudioPort (sound card and software)
    Available from:
        Media Vision
        Tel: +1 (510) 226 2563
    Platforms: PC
        A sound card to plug into your PC parallel port.
        Includes 'At Your Service'.

    Tool: Computer Health Break (commercial software)
    Available from:
        Escape Ergonomics, Inc
        1111 W. El Camino Real
        Suite 109
        Mailstop 403
        Sunnyvale, CA
        Tel: +1 (408) 730 8410
    Platforms: DOS
        Aimed at preventing RSI, this program warns you to take
        breaks after a configurable interval, based on clock time, or
        after a set number of keystrokes -- whichever is earlier.
        It gives you 3 exercises to do each time, randomly selected from
        a set of 70.  Exercises are apparently tuned to the type of work
        you do - data entry, word processing, information processing.
        Exercises are illustrated and include quite a lot of text on
        how to do the exercise and on what exactly the exercise does.

        CHB includes hypertext information on RSI that you can use
        to learn more about RSI and how to prevent it.  Other information
        on non-RSI topics can be plugged into this hypertext viewer.
        A full glossary of medical terms and jargon is included.

        CHB can be run in a DOS box under Windows, but does not then
        warn you when to take a break; it does not therefore appear
        useful when used with Windows.

        Cost: $79.95; quantity discounts, site licenses.

        The keystroke-counting approach looks good: it seems better
        to measure the activity that is causing you problems than to
        measure clock time or even typing time.  The marketing stuff
        is very good and includes some summaries of research papers,
        as well as lots of arguments you can use to get your company
        to pay up for RSI management tools.

    Tool: DOS Stretch (commercial software)
    Available from:
        John Fricker Software
        PO Box 1289
        Ashland, OR 97520
        Tel: 503/488-5699
    Platforms: DOS (Hercules, EGA, VGA)

        Demo (VGA only, single exercise) available from:
            Compuserve: Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section,
                            file DSDEMO.EXE

        This break reminder program includes exercises but no ergonomic
        information. It includes 11 exercises, taking about four minutes.
        They are animated using a cartoon figure.  The demo includes a
        hand exercise that seems useful; the full program includes a
        reminder TSR.

        Cost: $27.00

    Tool: Exercise Break [formerly StressFree] (commercial software,
                free usable demo)
    Available from:
        Hopkins Technology (distributors)
        421 Hazel Lane
        Hopkins, MN 55343-7116
        Tel: +1 612-931-9376
        Fax: +1 612-931-9377
        Mail: (developer)

        Demos (working program but reduced functions) available from:
            Compuserve: Windows Advanced Forum, New Uploads section, or
                        Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section.
                        (Windows and Mac versions in latter)
            Anon FTP: (and mirroring sites)
          CIX: rsi conference

    Platforms: Windows (3.0/3.1), Mac System 6.0.5 or higher, DOS version
        Aimed at preventing RSI, this program warns you to take
        breaks after a configurable interval (or at fixed times).
        Displays descriptions and pictures of exercises - pictures are
        animated and program paces you to help you do exercises at the
        correct rate.  Quite a few exercises, can configure which ones
        are included to a large extent.  One useful feature is that when
        it is running minimised it shows the time to the next break,
        you plan your work to the next break rather than it coming as an

        The new release, 3.0, is renamed Exercise Break, supports Mac and
        Windows and should include a DOS version. I have been trying out
        a beta version and it has some useful features, including
        Typewatch (no relation to the freeware program ...), which graphs
        your typing rate over time, with optional warnings to slow down
        and export facilities for spreadsheet analysis.  It also includes
        a full ergonomic checklist online to help set up your workstation,
        and a picture of correct posture and workstation adjustment.

        An unusual feature is the ability to include your own exercises in
        the program, providing you have access to a Windows SDK, without

        Cost: $29.95 if support via CompuServe or Internet, otherwise
              Site license for 3 or more copies is $20.00 each.

        This is the only tool with a redistributable demo that is not just
        a slide show, so if you do get the demo, post it on your local
        bulletin boards, FTP servers and Bitnet servers!  Includes the
        ability to step backward in the exercise sequence, which is good
        for repeating the most helpful exercises.  Hopefully a number of
        add-on exercise modules will become available now that it is
        possible to add exercises.

    Tool: EyerCise (commercial software) Available from:
        RAN Enterprises One Woodland Park Dr.  Haverhill, MA  01830, US
        Tel: 800-451-4487 (US only)
             +1 (508) 521 4487
    Platforms: Windows (3.0/3.1), OS/2 PM (1.3/2.0) [Not DOS]
        Aimed at preventing RSI and eye strain, this program warns you to
        take breaks after a configurable interval (or at fixed times).
        Optionally displays descriptions and pictures of exercises -
        pictures are animated and program beeps you to help you do
        exercises at the correct rate.  Includes 19 stretches and 4 visual
        training exercises, can configure which are included and how many
        repetitions you do - breaks last from 3 to 7 minutes.  Also
        includes online help on workplace ergonomics.

        Quote from their literature:

        "EyerCise is a Windows program that breaks up your day with
        periodic sets of stretches and visual training exercises.  The
        stretches work all parts of your body, relieving tension and
        helping to prevent Repetitive Strain Injury.  The visual training
        exercises will improve your peripheral vision and help to relieve
        eye strain.  Together these help you to become more relaxed and

        "The package includes the book _Computers & Visual Stress_ by
        Edward C.  Godnig, O.D. and John S. Hacunda, which describes the
        ergonomic setup for a computer workstation and provides procedures
        and exercises to promote healthy and efficient computer use.

        Cost: $69.95 including shipping and handling, quantity discounts
        for resellers.  Free demo ($5 outside US).

        I have a copy of this, and it works as advertised: I would say it
        is better for RSI prevention than RSI management, because it does
        not allow breaks at periods less than 30 minutes.  Also, it
        interrupts you based on clock time rather than typing time, which
        is not so helpful unless you use the keyboard all day.  Worked OK
        on Windows 3.0 though it did occasionally crash with a UAE - not
        sure why. Also refused to work with the space bar on one PC, and
        has one window without window controls.  Very usable though, and
        does not require any sound hardware.

    Tool: Lifeguard (commercial software) Available from:
        Visionary Software P.O. Box 69447 Portland, OR  97201, US Tel: +1
        (503) 246-6200 Platforms: Mac, DOS (Windows version underway)
        Aimed at preventing RSI.  Warns you to take a break with dialog
        box and sound.  Includes a list of exercises to do during breaks,
        and information on configuring your workstation in an ergonomic
        manner.  Price: $59; quantity discounts and site licenses.  The
        DOS product is bought in from another company, apparently; not
        sure how equivalent this is to the Mac version.

        The Mac version got a good review in Desktop Publisher Magazine
        (Feb 1991).  Good marketing stuff with useful 2-page summaries of
        RSI problems and solutions, with references.

    Tool: PC-FIT User-Saver (commercial software, free slideshow demo)
    Available from:
        Burggasse 88/16
        A-1070 Wien
        Tel: +43 222/526 02880
        Fax: +43 222/526 02889

        Demo (slideshow) available from:
            Compuserve: Health and Fitness Forum, Issues At Work section,
                            file PCFITD.EXE
            CIX: rsi conference, file PCFITD.EXE

    Platforms: DOS 3.1 or higher, Windows (3.0/3.1),
               Macintosh System 7.0.1 or higher
        This program warns you to take breaks, provides exercises for the
        muscles and for the eyes, and includes information on
        ergonomics.   Exercises are animations based on photos of a model
        (mime artist?), which together with cartoons elsewhere lend a
        light-weight feeling to this package, as far as I can tell from
        the demo.  Orientated to EC 90/270.

        Cost: no prices available

    Tool: Typewatch (freeware), version 3.8 (October 1992)
    Available from:
        Email to
        Anonymous ftp:
        CIX: sco conference
    Platforms: UNIX (tested on SCO, SunOS, Mach; character and X Window
        This is a shell script that runs in the background and warns you
        to stop typing, based on how long you have been continuously
        typing.  It does not provide exercises, but it does check
        that you really do take a break, and tells you when you
        can start typing again.

        Typewatch now tells you how many minutes you have been typing
        today, each time it warns you, which is useful so you
        know how much you *really* type.  It also logs information
        to a file that you can analyse or simply print out.

        The warning message appears on your screen (in character mode),
        in a pop-up window (for X Windows), or as a Zephyr message
        (for those with Athena stuff).   Tim Freeman <>;
        has put in a lot of bug fixes, extra features and support for
        X, Zephyr and Mach.

        Not formally supported, but email
        (for SCO, SunOS, character mode) or (for Mach,
        X Window mode, Zephyr) if you have problems or want to give

    Tool: Various calendar / batch queue programs
    Available from:
        Various sources
    Platforms: Various
        Any calendar/reminder program that warns you of an upcoming
        appointment can be turned into an ad hoc RSI management tool.
        Alternatively, use any batch queue submission program that lets
        you submit a program to run at a specific time to display
        a message to the screen.

        Using Windows as an example: create a Calendar file, and
        include this filename in your WIN.INI's 'load=' line so
        you get it on every startup of Windows.  Suppose you
        want to have breaks every 30 minutes, starting from 9 am.
        Press F7 (Special Time...) to enter an appointment, enter
        9:30, hit Enter, and type some text in saying what the break
        is for.  Then press F5 to set an alarm on this entry, and repeat
        for the next appointment.

        By using Windows Recorder, you can record the keystrokes
        that set up breaks throughout a day in a .REC file.  Put this
        file on your 'run=' line, as above, and you will then, with
        a single keypress, be able to set up your daily appointments
        with RSI exercises.

        The above method should be adaptable to most calendar programs.
        An example using batch jobs would be to submit a simple job
        that runs at 9:30 am and warns you to take a break; this will
        depend a lot on your operating system.

        While these approaches are not ideal, they are a good way of
        yourself to take a break if you can't get hold of a suitable RSI
        management tool.  If you are techie enough you might want to
        write a version of Typewatch (see above) for your operating
        system, using batch jobs or whatever fits best.

    Tool: Digital watches with count-down timers
    Available from:
        Various sources, e.g. Casio BP-100.
        Many digital watches have timers that count down from a settable
        number of minutes; they usually reset easily to that number, either
        manually or automatically.

        While these are a very basic tool, they are very useful if you
        are writing, reading, driving, or doing anything away from
        a computer which can still cause or aggravate RSI.  The great
        advantage is that they remind you to break from whatever you
        are doing.

        My own experience was that cutting down a lot on my typing led to
        my writing a lot more, and still reading as much as ever, which
        actually aggravated the RSI in my right arm though the left
        arm improved.  Getting a count-down timer watch has been
        very useful on some occasions where I write a lot in a day.

        I have tried an old fashioned hour-glass type egg timer, but
        these are not much good because they do not give an audible
        warning of the end of the time period!

KEYBOARD REMAPPING TOOLS: these enable you to change your keyboard mapping
so you can type one-handedly or with a different two-handed layout.
One-handed typing tools may help, but be VERY careful about how
you use them -- if you keep the same overall typing workload you
are simply doubling your hand use for the hand that you use for typing,
and may therefore make matters worse.

    Tool: hsh (public domain)
    Available from:
        Anonymous ftp:
    Platforms: UNIX (don't know which ones)
        Allows one-handed typing and other general keyboard remappings.
        Only works through tty's (so, you can use it with a terminal or
        an xterm, but not most X programs).

    Tool: Dvorak keyboard tools (various)
    Available from:
        Anonymous ftp:
        Also built into Windows 3.x and available free with MS-DOS 5 and 6
        (AccessDOS package)
        The Dvorak keyboard apparently uses a more rational layout
        that involves more balanced hand use.   It *may* help prevent
        RSI a bit, but you can also use it if you have RSI, since
        it will slow down your typing a *lot* :-).  AccessDOS also includes
        ways to avoid holding down mice buttons during drag operations, and
        many other potentially useful features for RSI sufferers.

Dan Wallach               "One of the most attractive features of a
Connection  Machine is the array of blinking lights on the
Office#: 510-540-5535     of its cabinet." -- CM Paris Ref. Manual, v6.0,